Guidelines for the Management of Hemophilia


Year: 2012

Language: English

Author(s): Street A, Brewer AK, Mauser-Bunschoten EP, Key NS, Kitchen S, Llinas A, Ludlam CA, Mahlangu JN, Mulder K, Poon MC, Srivastava A

Also Available In: Spanish, Russian, French, Simplified Chinese, Arabic

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Additional Information

This resource has also been translated into the following languages, with permission from the WFH, by NMOs: AzerbaijaniPolish, Traditional Chinese

Hemophilia is a rare disorder that is complex to diagnose and manage. By compiling the second edition of its Guidelines for the Management of Hemophilia, the World Federation of Hemophilia (WFH) aims to provide practical, evidence-based guidance to healthcare providers, government authorities, and patient organizations seeking to initiate and/or maintain hemophilia care programs. It is also hoped these guidelines will encourage practice harmonization around the world and, where recommendations lack adequate evidence, stimulate appropriate studies.

The WFH guidelines have been endorsed by the International Society for Thrombosis and Haemostasis and are now available on the U.S. National Guideline Clearinghouse website.

Read a commentary on the guidelines, by Mike Makris and Carol Kasper, in Haemophilia.

Updates to the Guidelines for the Management of Hemophilia
This document tracks changes (2013) that have been made since the 2nd edition was first published in July 2012.

The WFH recently endorsed the NHF-McMaster Guideline on Care Models for Hemophilia Management.Click here to view the full text of the guideline, published in the Journal of Haemophilia, June 27, 2016, or here to read the Executive Summary of the NHF-McMaster guideline.

eLearning Modules

NOW AVAILABLE: Explore the WFH hemophilia management recommendations in 6 dynamic illustrated eLearning modules, in English, French, and Spanish!

Each module consists of the text of one section of the WFH Guidelines for the Management of Hemophilia, brought to life with detailed colour illustrations, interactive features, a glossary of terms, and linked resources for further reading. There are even quizzes, and progress checks so that you can evaluate whether you have fully understood the content. You can work through an entire module or look up sections of particular interest in the table of contents. These eLearning modules render the complex and important information in the WFH Guidelines for the Management of Hemophilia accessible to everyone.


Summary and introduction

Section 1: General care and management of hemophilia

1.1 What is hemophilia? 1.7 Home therapy
1.2 Principles of care 1.8 Monitoring health status and outcome
1.3 Comprehensive care 1.9 Pain management
1.4 Fitness and physical activity 1.10 Surgery and invasive procedures
1.5 Adjunctive management 1.11 Dental care and management
1.6 Prophylactic factor replacement therapy

Section 2: Special management issues

2.1 Carriers 2.5 Psychosocial issues
2.2 Genetic testing/counselling and prenatal diagnosis 2.6 Sexuality
2.3 Delivery of infants with known or suspected hemophilia 2.7 Ageing hemophilia patients
2.4 Vaccinations 2.8 Von Willebrand disease and rare bleeding disorders

Section 3: Laboratory Diagnosis

3.1 Knowledge and expertise in coagulation laboratory testing
3.2 Use of the correct equipment and reagents
3.3 Quality assurance
For detailed laboratory testing protocols, consult the WFH’s Diagnosis of Hemophilia and Other Bleeding Disorders.

Section 4: Hemostatic agents

4.1 Clotting factor concentrates
4.2 Other plasma products
4.3 Other pharmacological options

Section 5: Treatment of specific hemorrhages

5.1 Joint hemorrhage 5.7 Ophthalmic hemorrhage
5.2 Muscle hemorrhage 5.8 Renal hemorrhage
5.3 Central nervous system 5.9 Oral hemorrhage
5.4 Throat and neck hemorrhage 5.10 Epistaxis
5.5 Acute gastrointestinal hemorrhage 5.11 Soft tissue hemorrhage
5.6 Acute abdominal hemorrhage 5.12 Lacerations and abrasions

Section 6: Complications of hemophilia

6.1 Musculoskeletal complications
6.2 Inhibitors
6.3 Transfusion-transmitted and other infection-related complications